Since 2010 the Biennial Valve World Conference & Exhibition has been held at the Düsseldorf Exhibition Centre.

What does the fourth Düsseldorf Exhibition for Industrial Valves 2016 have in store?

Friedrich-Georg Kehrer, Global Portfolio Director Metals and Flow TechnologiesFittings or valves are indispensable for all technical automation processes and key components in nearly all sectors of industry. So this is a sector with strong growth potential for the future.

This is also confirmed by our growing exhibitor and visitor numbers as well as the rising square metre figures for the forthcoming Valve World Expo.

Since its Düsseldorf debut in 2010 the Valve World Expo has seen constant growth. In 2016 we expect 717 exhibitors from 40 countries to occupy about 20,000 square metres of space.

The Valve World Expo 2010 already registered 535 exhibitors and 2012 saw 591 companies from 37 countries. They occupied in excess of 15,500 square metres of exhibition area in two halls. In 2014 we already counted 664 exhibitors that showcased their technology highlights on 17,800 square metres. This year the Valve World Expo will encompass to the tune of 20,000 square metres of exhibition space in three halls.

The Valve World Expo also grew in terms of visitor attendance between the edition 2010 and the latest event in 2014. In 2010 the event attracted just under 10,000 trade visitors while two years ago as many as 12,500 visitors travelled to Düsseldorf from 90 countries.

In 2014 70% of our trade fair guests were international – most of them came from the Netherlands, Italy, Great Britain, France, Belgium and Spain but there were also trade visitors travelling to Düsseldorf from such far-away places as India and China.

For the Valve World Expo 2016 we primarily expect exhibitors from Germany, Italy, Spain, Great Britain, France, Turkey, the Netherlands and from overseas: from the USA, India, Taiwan and China. Exhibitors will come from 40 countries in total.

The accompanying Conference 2016 will again take place in Hall 4, why?

In 2016 the Conference will again be held and organised by KCI. The in-depth discussion of current manufacturing methods, innovative technologies and face-to-face exchange are the success formula and mainstays of the Conference that is deliberately placed amidst the “heat of the action” in Hall 4. With this location we create an information and communication platform in the middle of the exhibition activities – so again everything is within easy reach and theory and practice are dovetailed.

What makes the Topic of Industrial Valves so special?

No industrial automation process works without a fitting, valve or a non-return valve. This is why valves are indispensable in their capacity as control elements of machines. As varied as the applications of valves is so too the product portfolio of the Valve World Expo 2016.

In three exhibition halls and on some 20,000 square metres valves for use in measurement and control technology, in the oil and gas sectors, in the energy sector as well as in mechanical engineering and in industry will be on display.

The Valve World Expo 2016 targets trade visitors from the valve trade, valve manufacturers, engineers, developers, and producers of control and inspection software as well as valve users from automotive engineering, mining, the chemical industry, energy generation and users from the areas of oil, gas and offshore.

Are there International Satellites of the Valve World Expo?

The Valve World Expo as a member of the international Flow Technology family of trade fairs boasts two international satellites on two other continents: the Valve World Expo Asia and Valve World Expo Americas. These follow the focal ranges exhibited at the Düsseldorf exhibition and are also biennial events.

Pump Summit – again in Parallel with the Valve World Expo Düsseldorf?

Overlapping with the first two days of the Valve World Expo (29 and 30 November 2016) is the Pump Summit, the Exhibition and Conference as a networking event for pump experts in Hall 7.0.

As a separate expert forum this will allow manufacturers, suppliers, dealers and end users of pumps, compressors and seals to present technologies and systems for a wide variety of applications.

By hosting this event we have fulfilled the wish of the sector to present pump technology in close connection with valve technology, i.e. in an adjacent exhibition hall. The concurrent holding of the Pump Summit with the Valve World Expo generates valuable synergies for the experts in these industries.

Monday, 10 October 2016 21:43

FA 07 Refineries are quite sophisticated

Valve makers are increasingly targeting refineries outside of Europe. Energy efficiency is decisive for the competitiveness of refinery operators and their valve suppliers.

2016-10-10 214304Refineries always are in operation, and simply cannot be replaced. Traffic can only flow with their products, namely petrol and diesel. Electric cars, however, are nipping at their heels, even if ever so slightly. In order to prepare for the future, European refinery operators are introducing efficiency programs to curb growing energy costs. They have also teamed up with valve manufacturers to target growth markets in Asia.

Refineries secure economies
The role of the refinery sector for the European economies is without question, emphasises Elisabetta Gardini, member of the European Parliament. Nonetheless, the industry is changing. Already today, European refineries have to come to terms with a 25 percent loss in competitiveness between 2000 and 2015 to international competitors, due to strict environmental regulations in Europe. Competition is stiff, especially in Asia and the Middle East, as the findings of the EU Commission’s refinery fitness check show.

Protection from Carbon Leakage
“Next to the EU Industrial Emissions Directive (IED), competitive disadvantages are mainly caused by the costs for CO2 emissions trading,” explains the Association of the German Petroleum Association MWV e.V. In regions outside of Europe, a comparable burden can so far not yet be found. As long as this is the case, it is essential Europe needs to be kept safe from what is called “Carbon Leakage”, the exodus of energy intensive plants or entire industries out of Europe. Valve manufacturers are naturally following these developments very closely.

Europe’s largest refinery site is Germany. Thirteen refineries sum up to 103.4 million tons of crude oil processing capacity. “With refinery production of 101 million tons Germany is the largest refinery site and mineral oil market within the EU,” states Germany’s Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy. Rising consumption of mineral oil products and increasing competition from outside of Europe are also leading to refineries being sold, or going out of operation.

A complex process
In 2014, Germany imported around 89 million tons of crude and produced 2.44 million tons in the country itself. The refineries process crude oil mainly into diesel, petrol, heating oil, wide cut fuel and naphtha for the petrochemical industry, as well as bitumen for road construction, extruded charcoal for industry, calcite for the aluminium industry, and sulphur for the chemical industry.

A complex process requiring numerous of plant components. Amongst others, this for instance includes crude oil tanks, furnaces, dephlegmators, precipitators, tanks, coolers, turbines, reboilers, desulphurisers, flares, piping and reactors. Valves are, of course, found nearly everywhere. The tremendous amount of valves used in a refinery, and thus also what a manufacturer can sell, can, for example, be seen in the German mineral oil refinery Oberrhein (MiRO). During a major inspection 1,200 safety valves and 1,800 valves were checked, that are required in nearly all steps of the process: in the desalination of crude oil, in the boiler, in the distillation at up to 400°C, in catalytic cracking, the hydrofiner, enrichment and for desulphurisation. In addition, valves are required for the piping between the plant segments. The entire process poses a great challenge for valves: “In refineries hazardous substances are dealt with, such as hydrocarbon, hydrofluoric acid, acid water, various liquid gases, toluene, anilines and ethylene oxide,” explains manufacturer Schroeder Valves. Fluids are furthermore transported in high-pressure circuits with high vapour pressures.

Entire valve spectrum required
Nearly the entire spectrum of valves is therefore needed, for instance for steam, condensate, gas and process, tank, gas scrubbing and crude oil separation applications. Manufacturer ARI-Armaturen manufactures triple eccentric metal butterfly valves, safety valves, steam traps, control valves with pneumatic or electric actuators and manual shut-off valves with safety stuffing box or bellows.

Refineries require valves tailor-made for the oil production process. Leusch manufactures valves for large nominal diameters, up to a pipe diameter of DN 2500. Requirements include a fast and secure shut-off of gaseous media and fuels. “The self-media operated quick-closing valve is equipped with a piston actuator fully suitable to be applied with the gaseous operating media,” explains valve manufacturer Kühme. Automatic quick-closing is performed by the installed spring force in less than 1 second. The valve cone with soft sealing element guarantees absolute tightness. This is a must for refineries.

Valves under pressure
High-performance valves are also required for high-pressure steam applications in refineries. Here, Crane produces valves with bolted bonnets and pressure seals. They are made from rugged cast carbon and alloy steels in multi-turn and several check valve configurations. For delayed coker isolation wedgeplug valves are used, that can handle high temperatures.

Arca uses GS-C25/ A216WCB as a standard material for its valves for use in catalytic cracking and Claus plants. Special designs made from Hastelloy and Monel are also in demand. Arca states temperatures can range from -190 Grad Celsius up to +570 Grad Celsius.

Shut-off valves required
Burners are used in refineries for water tube boilers and CO2 combustions – the fuel burning operation needs to be secured. Burner stations therefore need to be fitted with all valves required for secure boiler operation. “In the oil lines, a combination of two shut-off valves is usually employed, with one having a control function for fuel supply,” explains Kühme. Parallel to the oil line a steam line conveys the atomising steam to the burner. “The burner station is equipped with safety shut-off valves for the fuels and in case of oil burners, additionally for atomising – and purging steam”. The steam lines are also equipped with safety valves. Kühme: “By standard the upstream side in front of each safety shut-off valve furthermore has to be equipped with a manual shut-off device as well as a strainer”. Manometers can be installed on the pressure end. All pneumatic valves are supplied through a central compressed air distributor.

Focus on energy efficiency
Refineries base all decisions for what they want to be supplied with solely on energy efficiency. In order to remain competitive with the growing number of competitors outside of Europe, energy costs need to be reduced. Take the PCK Refinery in Schwedt, Germany, as an example. It supplies the Berlin-Brandenburg region with 90 percent of its petrol with petrol, diesel, kerosene, heating oil and other mineral oil products – its total share of fuel production in Germany is around ten percent. An energy efficiency programme (PEP) was introduced by the PCK Refinery. Overhauling and retrofitting of the plant is to go hand in hand with yield and energy efficiency, bringing the level of crude oil used as energy to below ten percent in the future. The aim is to increase the efficiency of the furnace, reduce the amount of fuel gas, lower the temperature of the emitted waste gas and the total amount of CO2 emissions.

A long process chain
Furthermore, the PCK Raffinerie implementing an environmentally-friendly logistics concept: 60 percent of products are distributed by rail, 27 percent using pipelines and just 13 percent over roads. Operating as a residue-free refinery, non-exploitable crude oil is turned into power in a heat and power generation plant. Valve manufacturers have to come to grips with these developments in order to participate for their own benefit.

In the end, refineries are only part of a long process chain. The chain begins with on- and offshore crude oil production, pipelines and pipeline construction to processing capacities in refineries, or the petrochemical and chemical industries. “At the same time, there is a growing need for high-quality equipment such as valves,” explains ARI Armaturen. And one needs to take note of further steps in the process, such as the numerous storage facilities and, finally, the distribution of diesel, petrol, heating oil to companies and households. As a matter of course, valves are required everywhere up and down the chain.

585 billion tons of crude oil
All stakeholders have no need to fear the future. Valve makers will still participate in the output of refineries in the long term. Thanks to global economic growth and growing energy consumption processing of crude oil remains highly important. Even though oil is a finite resource, the global amount of oil reserves has been rising, emphasises Dr. Steffen Dagger, director of the German Petroleum Association MWV e.V. Germany’s Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources, the BGR, sees total oil reserves of around 585 billion tons. Annual consumption, states Dagger, is around for billion tons.

Growth markets China and India
The sector can trust a positive outlook, also because of growing demand in emerging markets such as China and India. The oil processing industry is massively ramping up production in these countries. A development bound to fill the order books of valve manufacturers.

Innovations on valves will be presented at Valve World Expo Düsseldorf from November, 29 until December, 1, 2016 at Düsseldorf Fairgrounds.

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VALVE WORLD EXPO 2016 with professional conference
Valves and fittings are used in a wide variety of different industries. They ensure safety in the oil and gas industry, channel liquids and gases in the chemical industry, regulate incoming and outgoing water and ensure a free flow of liquid in the drinks industry.

The fourth edition of VALVE WORLD EXPO in Düsseldorf will be held from 29 November to 1 December 2016, showcasing valves and valve-related products and parts, actuators and positioners, compressors as well as engineering services and software applications. For three days Halls 3, 4 and 5 at the Düsseldorf Exhibition Centre will be transformed into the number-one industry meeting for valve and fittings specialists throughout the world.

A year before the event bookings have already been received for over 14,000 square metres of exhibition space. So far 470 exhibitors and 36 countries have registered. The majority of European companies at VALVE WORLD EXPO 2016 will be from Italy, UK, Germany, Spain, France, the Netherlands and Turkey. Many of the overseas exhibitors will be coming from the United States, Taiwan, India and China.

As before, the professional conference that accompanies the trade show in Hall 4 will be conducted by KCI. The Pump Summit, the international trade fair and convention for pumps, will be held in Hall 7.0 (ground floor) on 29 and 30 November. Further details can be found on the following website: and